North Dakota Furtakers Educational Manual
Millions of dollars each year are generated through fur harvesting. Trapping has been recognized as a valuable
wildlife management tool. In recent years many dedicated trappers have tried their best to maintain and balance
wildlife populations and the habitat that wildlife depends on. The general public, when uninformed, fails to recognize
wildlife management as an efficient means of maintaining wildlife populations. There are groups of people who feel
that the removal of certain animals tend to decrease or endanger our animal populations. In reality when certain
animals are harvested we greatly improve the health and numbers of animals that are left to breed. It doesn't matter
whether it's cattle, deer, muskrats or beaver, animal populations that are left to reproduce have the capacity to
destroy their ecosystems. Muskrats for example, will destroy the vegetation in a swamp which destroys their own
habitat as well as the habitat of other wildlife. Wildlife managers use the phrase called "carrying capacity" which is
the number of animals that an area can sustain for a long term before damaging the environment. If a carrying
capacity is exceeded, both the habitat and animal populations suffer. It is also at this time that factors such as
disease and starvation reduce populations. This type of death is much more inhumane than hunting or trapping.
Trapping allows the trapper to utilize the surplus animals rather than allowing them to be wasted. At the same time
he is helping to maintain a healthy viable wildlife population.
Hunting and trapping can reduce the number of surplus animals in a given area which in turn reduces the chances of
contracting and spreading diseases. Some of the more important diseases that can be transmitted to a human from
animals are rabies, plague, tularemia, mange, and rocky mountain spotted fever. Other diseases such as distemper
and lepto, which are not transmitted to man, endanger livestock and the survival of wildlife. No one is more interested
than the hunter or trapper in the survival of our furbearing species.
Wildlife management practices for furbearers and game animals help the non-game species as well.
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